Internal bleeding arises if an artery, vein or capillary inside the body is damaged. The resulting bleeding might be evident or does not present any indications.
Concealed bleeding is hard to pinpoint than the visible type. If uncertain, it is best to manage the individual as if he/she is losing blood internally.
It is vital to watch out for any indications of internal blood loss and shock especially any changes in the skin appearance, pulse rate, level of consciousness and respiration.
Management of internal bleeding
- Call for emergency assistance right away. Do not wait for the condition of the individual to improve or deteriorate.
- If gloves are available, put them on to control the bleeding.
- You should check the airway, breathing and circulation. Perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) if needed.
- If the individual loses consciousness but still breathing, put him/her in the recovery position with the legs higher than the level of the heart if possible.
- If the individual is conscious, he/she must lie down and elevate or bend the legs if possible.
- Cover the individual with a blanket to keep him/her warm. This can help delay the onset of shock by reducing heat loss from the body.
- Reassure the individual and keep him/her calm.
- Continue to monitor the breathing and pulse rate.
- Treat other injuries as needed.
- Do not provide the individual with anything to drink or eat.
In case surgery is required, the individual should not take anything for a minimum of 6 hours before the anesthetic is given. If the stomach has contents in it, they might exit the stomach and inhaled into the lungs or remain in the throat and result to difficulty breathing during the procedure.
More Information / Disclaimer
The information posted on this page on internal bleeding is for learning purposes only. Learn to recognize and manage this type of bleeding by taking a standard first aid course with Victoria First Aid.