A kneecap dislocation arises once the patella fully moves out of its groove. The injury can occur after a significant injury, but the kneecap might dislocate easily after.
What are the indications?
A kneecap dislocation generally causes intense knee pain and evident deformity. Take note that the kneecap dislocates to the exterior of the joint.
The pain and inflammation are the usual indications of the injury. Over time, bruising might also form around and beneath the knee joint. The usual signs of the injury include:
- Painful, popping sensation in the knee
- Difficulty straightening the leg
- Inflammation and deformity of the front section of the knee
Management of kneecap dislocation
In most cases of kneecap dislocation, the treatment involves immediate reduction or repositioning of the kneecap.
Most are taken to the emergency department and while reduction is a simple procedure, the pain and muscle spasms can prevent this from being accomplished. In such instances, anesthetic either local or general can be given to assist with the repositioning of the bone.
After the procedure, the treatment includes the RICE method to lessen the pain and swelling. A knee brace and crutches are also suggested to reduce the pain.
Physical therapy is the next phase of treatment along with bracing of the kneecap. Strengthening the muscles bordering the joint along with specialized knee braces can prevent recurrent injuries.
Disclaimer / More Information
The information posted on this page on kneecap dislocation is for learning and educational purposes only. To learn how the injury is managed, register for first aid training at one of our training centers located throughout Canada. The training centers are in Edmonton, Calgary, Vancouver, Kelowna, Saskatoon, Victoria, Surrey, Mississauga, Winnipeg, Red Deer, Toronto, Ottawa and Halifax.