Some individuals are highly sensitive to soap powder. It is important to note that an allergic reaction is hypersensitivity to one or several substances that the immune system identifies as a threat. Chemicals are the usual culprits for soap powder allergies.
Once the immune system wrongly identifies a substance as a threat, antibodies are produced. This triggers the release of chemicals upon next exposure to the substance.
The usual allergic reactions include itchy eyes, runny nose, breathing issues and swelling of different body parts.
Some individuals who are highly sensitive to soap powder usually develop hives which is an itchy skin with elevated bumps. The reactions to the powder and other detergents is commonly called as contact dermatitis.
Close look on contact dermatitis
Chemicals, fragrances, detergents, perfumes as well as solvents are the usual allergens which arises after direct contact to an allergen.
It is important to note that contact dermatitis is characterized as inflammation of the skin. The irritant form of contact dermatitis is triggered by exposure to detergents, soap powder and chemicals. The allergic form causes a rash after 1-2 days of exposure to an allergen. The generalized symptoms include swollen skin, redness, lesions and rashes.
The doctor will check the medical history and previous reactions to an allergen to diagnose the allergy.
A patch test is conducted to check if the individual is allergic to a specific substance. The doctor applies several patches of the allergens on the skin and observes for a reaction over a span of a few days.
If an allergic reaction occurs after exposure to soap powder, it is suggested to wash the skin to get rid of all traces of the allergen. An over-the-counter or prescription lotion or corticosteroid skin cream can be used to treat the symptoms.
Allergic reactions to soap powder can be prevented by avoidance of the allergens. It is vital to avoid exposure of the skin to soap powder and detergents.
It is recommended to select products that do not include the allergens. The hypoallergenic variants are beneficial for those who have hypersensitivity to the chemicals.
Selecting soap powders that do not include any fragrances, perfumes and dyes can also help in preventing allergic reactions.