Sinus infection or sinusitis is a condition in which the nasal passages are swollen and inflamed. This condition disrupts with the normal drainage of mucus and has been a common issue among children. A diagnosis of sinus infection often refers to a bacterial infection of the sinuses, even though common cold is actually a case of viral sinusitis. The symptoms of this condition among toddlers are oftentimes difficult to differentiate between typical cold or other respiratory conditions.
Once a toddler starts to show signs of the common cold, it is best to have the child properly assessed by a doctor especially if the symptoms persist. Proper assessment and treatment can prevent the condition from getting worse.
The drainage of mucus occurs for various reasons including sinusitis, allergies and common cold. A sinus infection can develop due to allergies or a persistent cold. The mucus drainage from the nose that is dense, yellowish or green is often due to a sinus infection. Drainage down the back part of the throat can trigger coughing that worsens at night time. The coughing and mucus secretions that last 10 days or more is due to a respiratory condition.
Sinus pressure due to congestion can cause pain, swelling and tenderness. The location of the discomfort can include the cheeks, eye area, nose and forehead. The teeth, upper jaw and ears can ache. The facial tenderness and headaches makes diagnosing sinusitis easier among adults and teenagers but these are not as common among young children. Soreness of the throat is common with a sinus infection. In addition, many toddlers have an ear infection together with the sinus infection. Due to the discomfort, most toddlers find this uncomfortable and become fussy or irritable.
The breathing can be affected if congestion is present. A toddler might breathe in a loud manner or have labored breathing. Oftentimes, the nostrils flare out with every breath as he/she attempts to inhale via the nose. It is important to note that breathing through the mouth might be the only way for the toddler to cope with sinus blockage.
Other possible symptoms
As a result of various symptoms, a sinus infection can cause the toddler to be more tired, irritable, difficulty sleeping, lack of interest in playing or has a diminished appetite. The toddler might have fever or bad breath from the infection as well. Other indications of sinusitis include nausea and irritability. The toddler might also have dark-colored rings around the eyes due to the sinus infection. Aside from the darkening, the facial tissues might also appear puffy or swollen.