Pediatric cellulitis

Cellulitis is a bacterial skin and tissue infection. It generally occurs around areas of damaged skin such as insect bites, wounds or scrapes but can also develop in other areas. Individuals who have severe cases of cellulitis or one that has not been treated might result to septicemia.

Indications

  • Swollen lymph glands
  • Drainage of fluid or pus from the wound
  • Reddening around the site of infection
    cellulitis
    Once a child shows indications of cellulitis, consult a doctor so that a complete diagnosis can be given as well as prevent any complications.
  • Fever and chills
  • Warmth of the affected area

What should I do if my child has cellulitis?

Once a child shows indications of cellulitis, consult a doctor so that a complete diagnosis can be given as well as prevent any complications. Other measures that can be done include the following:

  • Provide the child with the prescribed medications as instructed by the doctor
  • Prevent the child from touching the infected area
  • Avoid squeezing or puncturing the area
  • Wash hands before and after caring for the infected area
  • Make sure that the affected limb is properly rested
  • Apply a warm compress on the affected area
  • Consult a doctor if there is increased redness, swelling or pain

Is hospitalization required?

Even though cellulitis is easily diagnosed and managed using antibiotics, some children require hospitalization.

The doctor will perform blood work to test for blood poisoning. In case the child is admitted to a healthcare facility, the treatment might include:

  • Administration of intravenous fluids and antibiotics
  • Application of a warm compress on the affected site
  • Resting or elevating the affected area

Prevention

  • Any wounds or sores should be thoroughly cleaned with water and soap
  • Use an antibiotic ointment and cover the wound with bandage
  • Instruct the child to avoid rubbing or scratching the affected area
  • The child should wear protective clothing while outdoors or playing sports
  • If there are any deep cuts or puncture wounds, seek immediate medical care.

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