Sarcoidosis involves inflammation of the bodily tissues. The inflammation is the response of the immune system to injury. It generally includes reddened skin, swelling, warmth and discomfort in the site. When it comes to the inflammation caused by sarcoidosis, it involves the formation of small lumps or granulomas in any part of the body.
In most cases, these lumps start in the lungs, but other parts are also affected such as the liver, skin, spleen, lymph glands, nervous system, eyes, heart, muscles, bones and kidneys.
The condition is generally mild and does not result to any lasting issues. The symptoms might settle with or without treatment in a few years. In some instances, the inflammation might persist and lead to the formation of scar tissue that often results to organ damage.
What are the indications?
Many individuals do not have any symptoms. Some might only have one or several. Once the symptoms manifest, they occur rapidly or in a gradual manner. The symptoms are based on the body part affected.
- Shortness of breath
- Inflamed lymph nodes
- Weakness or tiredness
- Appetite loss or weight loss
- Stiff joints
- Eye issues
Management of sarcoidosis
Most cases do not require treatment. The symptoms often settle entirely on their own. In case symptoms are present, the doctor might prescribe drugs to lessen the inflammation and manage the symptoms.
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are given to treat the pain and inflammation.
The individual might be under medication for several years. If the symptoms are serious, the drugs are taken for many years. If prednisone is used, it can cause certain side effects, thus the individual must be regularly assessed while under treatment.