Hand cramps can cause discomfort either intermittently or chronic. Once cramping occurs, it is difficult to create a fist or bring the fingers together.
What are the causes?
Some of the usual causes of hand cramps include the following:
- Low magnesium – magnesium helps in preventing muscle cramps.
- Dehydration – lack of water in the body can lead to dehydration which affects the functioning of the muscles and results to cramping
- Rheumatoid arthritis
- Poor circulation – this occurs if there is insufficient blood flow in the body.
- Carpal tunnel syndrome – this occurs if the nerve travelling from the forearm to the palm is crushed.
- Stiff hand syndrome – this is a complication of diabetes leading to limited finger movement due to thickening and waxiness of both hands
- Kidney disease
Management of hand cramps
Some of the general home remedies for hand cramps include strengthening exercises, stretching, increased intake of fluid intake and vitamin D supplements.
The treatment might also be based on the root cause of the symptoms.
- Low magnesium levels – increase the intake of magnesium by adding leafy greens, whole grains and legumes. A magnesium supplement can also be taken.
- Dehydration – for mild cases, provide water or rehydration drink that contains electrolytes. In severe cases, it requires medical care.
- Carpal tunnel syndrome – it is recommended to take frequent breaks, avoidance of activities that worsen the symptoms and application of an ice pack. In some cases, splinting, over-the-counter medications, physical therapy or surgery might be suggested.
- Rheumatoid arthritis – non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are given along with corticosteroids and disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs). In some cases, surgery is necessary.