How to deal with bleeding gums

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Bleeding gums is typically linked with poor dental hygiene and gum disease. It might also represent other serious underlying conditions such as bleeding ailments and even cancer.

Aside from the bleeding, it can be accompanied by pain and inflammation at the site or even bad breath. The condition should not be ignored and early assessment by a dentist is essential.

What are the possible causes?

It is important to note that bleeding gums can be brought about by the following:

  • Poor dental hygiene
  • Using blood thinners
  • Buildup of plaque and tartar
  • Wearing poorly fitting dentures
  • Damage to the gum tissues due to bacteria
  • Bleeding ailments
  • Leukemia
  • Excessive brushing of the teeth
    bleeding gums
    Aside from the bleeding, it can be accompanied by pain and inflammation at the site or even bad breath.
  • Vitamin C deficiency (scurvy)

What are the indications?

  • Inflammation or swelling
  • Painful or receding gum line
  • Poor bite
  • Bad breath or taste
  • Tooth loss

Management of bleeding gums

When treating bleeding gums, the following must be done:

  • The mouth should be thoroughly rinsed
  • Place pressure on the site of bleeding using a cold compress
  • If possible, gently floss to eliminate any leftover food debris
  • Provide an over-the-counter pain medication

A dentist should be consulted as early as possible. The outcome is usually based on the seriousness of the damage on the gums as well as the underlying condition present.


Some of the preventive measures to avoid bleeding gums include the following:

  • Regularly brush teeth after every meal
  • Floss regularly at least once daily
  • Tobacco products must be avoided
  • Rinse with salt water before bedtime
  • The diet should include sources of vitamin C and calcium
  • Avoid carbohydrate-rich snacks or beverages between meals
  • The teeth must be cleaned professionally at least once or twice in a year

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