A talus fracture is generally brought about by serious trauma to the foot. It is important to note that the talus bone is found in the base of the ankle joint. Injuries that can result to the injury include falls from a height or vehicular accidents. A severely twisted ankle can also cause small segments of the talus to break apart.
In case the fracture does not correctly heal, it can lead to walking problems. Most cases do not require surgery right after the injury occur to prevent future issues.
What are the types?
A talus fracture is generally categorized based on the seriousness of the injury and degree of displacement from its normal position.
The main categories include:
- Minimally displaced (stable) fracture – this involves slight movement of the bone from its position.
- Displaced (unstable) fracture – the bone moves out of its normal position
- Open fracture – severe form of fracture if a segment of broken bone punctures the skin
What are the indications?
The signs tend to vary depending on the type of talus fracture.
- Minimally displaced – acute ankle pain is the initial sign along with minor swelling and tenderness. The individual can walk but not without discomfort.
- Displaced – the swelling and tenderness becomes pronounced and the individual could not place any weight on the affected ankle
- Open – an evident sign is bone protruding from the skin along with intense pain and bleeding
Management of a talus fracture
Prompt treatment for a talus fracture include immobilization of the foot and elevation above the level of the heart. An open fracture is treated as medical emergency.
In case the injury is stable, conservative measures are used. Surgical treatment involves positioning the broken bone segments in the right alignment and secured with screws, pins or plates as they heal.
Quick Note / Disclaimer
The material posted on this page on talus fracture is for learning and educational purposes only. To learn more about the causes and how it is managed, register for a first aid and CPR course with Victoria First Aid.