What are the long-term effects of inhaler overuse?

Asthma is basically a long-lasting disease that affects the airways. The bronchial tubes that transport air inside and outside of the lungs become swollen and narrow during an asthma attack. Once the airways respond to the external irritants, they narrow down in which the individual finds it difficult to breathe. The common treatment options for asthma include medications and inhalation which quickly reduce the symptoms or prevent them. On the other hand, it is important that you are aware that there are serious and lasting side effects if these medications are not properly used. When using an inhaler, it is vital that the individual will consult a doctor regarding any concerns if this form of treatment is started.

Salmeterol and formoterol inhalers

It is important to note that salmeterol and formoterol are considered as long-term bronchodilators that relax the airway muscles to promote better breathing. These inhalers are intended as a preventive approach rather than a fast-acting treatment.

Once these medications are taken incorrectly and longer than the prescribed dosage, these can aggravate the asthmatic symptoms such as irritation of the throat, wheezing, high blood pressure and even death. If emergency care is not provided, it will surely lead to death.

Based on studies conducted on both bronchodilators, it confirmed the increased risk for asthma-related death due to the potential for immunosuppression and aggravating of the infections. Take note that excess stimulation by formoterol causes cardiovascular and central nervous effects such as cardiovascular disorders and arrhythmias. As for salmeterol, it causes similar long-term effects such as uneven heartbeat, bronchospasms and blurry vision. Always remember that salmeterol will not relieve the symptoms if taken more than the prescribed dosage. The ideal dose is one inhalation at two times in a day.

Albuterol inhalers

Albuterol inhalers are the most common and fast-acting inhalers. This is a bronchodilator that quickly relaxes the bronchial muscles to increase the flow of air into the lungs. Albuterol inhalers are used as the main component in order to quickly relieve asthma attacks triggered by allergies or exercise.

Inhaler overuse
Albuterol inhalers are used as the main component in order to quickly relieve asthma attacks triggered by allergies or exercise.

Extended use of this inhaler can drastically increase the risk for asthma-related death since it covers up the underlying issues that entail medical care. Bronchospasm, chest pain, erratic heartbeat and hypertension are the usual side effects. The individual should not utilize albuterol inhalers more than three times a week. Excessive use of albuterol will make the medication ineffective while the lungs become overly dilated, resulting to the continuous manifestation of the asthma symptoms.

Corticosteroid inhalers

Corticosteroid inhalers work by reducing the inflammation in the lungs that occurs due to exposure to allergen. The long-term side effects of excessive use of corticosteroids can result to a weakened immune system and loss of bone mineral density. Extended use of corticosteroid inhalers among children can inhibit the growth process. Take note that doctors usually recommend using long-term corticosteroids instead of bronchodilators for the prevention of asthma since the risks are less.

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