What are the components of adhesive bandages?

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The present-day adhesive bandage was created back in 1920 and is now commonly called as the Band-Aid. It is important to note that adhesive bandages are also called as Elastoplasts. These bandages are commonly used today for protecting small-sized wounds from damage, dirt, friction and entry of germs.


In a first aid kit, it is not considered complete if adhesive bandages are not present. These bandages are essentials in any first aid kit since they are easy to use and readily available in different sizes. By enrolling in a first aid course, you can learn how to effectively use these bandages on various wounds.

Gauze part of adhesive bandages

The gauze of an adhesive bandage functions as the protective layer. This component is sterilized and often saturated with an antibacterial such as triclosan in order to minimize the risk of infection on wounds. Always bear in mind that the skin that is currently healing should not end up stuck to the surface of the gauze. Due to this, fibrous variety of gauze such as cotton is commonly used.

Adhesive bandage
The gauze of an adhesive bandage functions as the protective layer.


Since the stringy quality of the gauze is feeble or weak, it would require protection from scratches. Adhesive bandages typically utilize a sturdy substance that serves as a cover to the sterile gauze, fastening it on the injured area on the skin. The material that is commonly used is an elastic material such as latex in order to help preserve the seal despite the movement of the skin. It is sad to note however that some individuals are allergic to latex, thus they need an adhesive bandage with a support that is made out of non-latex materials. Additionally, it is also common for the support to provide a waterproof seal as well.

Adhesive part of the bandage

Adhesives are applied to the support of the adhesive bandage in order to seal the wounded area away from germs, debris and dirt. Take note that the adhesive must last long and resistant to abrasion as well as flexible enough to allow movement of the skin.

It should be gentle enough not to trigger an allergic reaction and easy to be removed without tearing the skin on which it is affixed.

Adhesive covers

The sticky property of the adhesive surface should be carefully retained during the storage and handling. Once these surfaces come into contact with most objects, some of the adhering property of the adhesive is reduced, making it useless as a bandage. The adhesive covers are specifically created to stick weakly to the sticky side of the support of the bandage but it can peel easily and cleanly once the bandage is ready to be used.

Today, various types of adhesive bandages are available and each has different purposes. These are readily available in the market and can be easily used when needed to provide protection to wounds as well as promote the healing process during delivery of first aid care.


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