Migraines are capable of causing intense pain and can be debilitating along with other symptoms such as light and sound sensitivity, nausea and vomiting. Among those who suffer from migraines, there are certain factors that can trigger an attack such as lack of sleep, stress, hormonal changes and the weather.
The individual should keep a dairy to help identify any potential triggers. Identifying the triggers can help prevent the migraines yet there are some factors that could not be avoided. In such cases, using the right medication can be beneficial.
Individuals who experience mild cases of migraines can be given an over-the-counter medication. Always bear in mind that aspirin is a commonly used medication that is used for its analgesic, anti-inflammatory, anti-pyretic and anti-thrombotic effects.
Among those who have migraines, they are more effective if taken at the initial sign of an attack before the severe symptoms such as vomiting are present. Aspirin might not be effective for all individuals and should be taken with food since it can cause stomach irritation.
There are other non-prescription medications that are formulated for relief from migraines. Caffeine is believed to work by making the medications a lot more effective by helping the body properly absorb them and provide faster relief.
When medications are taken with caffeine, it is vital to avoid caffeinated beverages such as tea, coffee and soda as well as limiting the intake of chocolate. Excessive consumption caffeine can cause the heart to beat rapidly which is dangerous. Additionally, caffeine can also cause insomnia, irritability and anxiety.
Triptans can provide relief to those who have migraines and effective in just 2 hours. Additionally, other symptoms such as vomiting, nausea and sensitivity to sound and light can be managed by these medications.
The triptans work by constricting the blood vessels in the brain that can end up inflamed which results to a migraine. Even though these medications might be the solution, they could not be taken by those who have high blood pressure, diabetes and other conditions due to the risks to the heart.
Narcotics are oftentimes used to manage migraines but since these medications have an addictive potential, they are not used as initial form of treatment. These are occasionally used for individuals who have headaches that do not respond to over-the-counter medications and could not use other commonly prescribed drugs for migraines. This is due to the potential risks. Additionally, overuse of narcotics can result to rebound headaches.
Preventive medications should be taken on a regular basis to minimize the severity and frequency of the migraines. Most individuals can achieve relief from these medications but only a few use them. The medications that are used for epilepsy are also preventive medications for those who have migraines.